Journal Issues‎ > ‎Tilamsik 9(2)‎ > ‎

Phenotypic Distribution of ABO Blood Groups between Cosmopolitan and Regional Population of Lucban, Quezon

Wilfredo B. Barrera, Jr., MSc
Department of Natural Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Southern Luzon State University


Abstract

The distribution of ABO blood groups varies among different populations and geographical locations. The phenotypic frequencies of ABO blood types as well as its relationship with locality and sex of individuals were determined by considering regional and cosmopolitan population. Standard agglutination technique using in-situ slide test method was performed on the blood samples. It was revealed that both populations were mainly dominated by blood type O and least dominated by type AB. The two populations also exhibit higher number of female individuals. Statistical analysis further showed that the populations are currently in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, frequency of blood groups is not significantly different in the two sexes, and blood group distribution varies between localities. The predominance of blood type O in the population indicates a readily available supply of blood when it is needed.


Keywords: blood type, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, population, phenotype

Full Text: PDF
Philippine Copyright 2017


References

Adeyemo, O.A., & Soboyejo O.B. (2006). Frequency distribution of ABO, RH bloodgroups and blood genotype among the cell biology and genetics students of University of Lagos, Nigeria. African journal of biotechnology, 5(22), 2062-2065.

Enosolease, M.E., & Bazuaye, G.N. (2008). Distribution of ABO and Rh-D blood groups in the Benin area of Niger-Delta: Implication for regional blood transfusion. Asian J Transfus Sci., 2, 3-5.

Guzman, R.M.S., Gervasio, R.N.R., Fontanilla, I.K.C., & Cao, E.P. (2010). Frequency Distribution of Blood Groups ABO, MN and Rh Factor in Philippine Cosmopolitan, Regional, and the National Populations. Science Diliman, 21(2), 43-49.

Hosoi, E. (2008). Biological and Clinical Aspects of ABO blood group. The Journal of Medical Investigation, 55, 174-182.

Manoharan, S. (2013). Distribution of ABO Blood Group and Rhesus Factor among Malay, Chinese, Indian, other Races Students in Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia. International Journal Biological Medical Research, 4(2), 3028-30331.

Mayo, O. (2008). A century of Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 11(3), 249-256.

Olaniyan, T. O., Neraiyebu, A.B., Rasong, H., Dare, B.J., Shaf, M.O., & Adelaiye, A.B. (2013).Blood Group and Rhesus Factor Pattern among Indigneous of FCT, Abuja, Nigeva. Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education, 3(3), 1-4.

Panmei, K.,Yumnam, P., & Ngaomei, G. (2014). Frequency Distribution of ABO and Rh Blood Groups among Students of Maram Tribe of Don Bosco College, Maram, Manipur. Int. J. Pure App. Biosci., 2(4), 61-66.

Pughikumo, D.T., Onyebuagu, P.C., &Pughikumo O.C.(2014). A Preliminary Study of Blood Groups among Students in Bayelsa State. International Journal of Basic, Applied and Innovative Research, 3(1), 19 – 22.

Rai, V.,& Kumar, P. (2011). Genetic Analysis of ABO and Rh Blood Groups in Backward Caste Population of Uttar Pradesh, India. Not Sci Biol., 3(3), 07-14.

Rujirojindakul, P., Chongsuvivatwong, V., & Limprasert, P. (2015). Association of ABO Blood Group Phenotype and Allele Frequency with Chikungunya Fever. Advances in Hematology, 2015, 1-4.
Comments